Alopecia is the medical term for hair loss. It is a general term used to describe any type of hair loss from a small bald patch on the head to the loss of the all the hair over the entire body. There are many different types of hair loss each with a different set of symptoms and causes. There are also many different hair disorders which can cause hair loss. Therefore it is important to know which type of hair loss or hair disorder you are suffering from so that you can be offered the best treatment. Here, we are lucky enough to have one of the few dermatologists in INDIA that specialises in all types of hair loss.
Androgenetic alopecia (male- and female-pattern baldness) and alopecia areata (bald patches) are the two most common types of hair loss. These conditions affect both men and women. More information on these conditions can be found below. Other hair disorders include cradle cap, head lice, folliculitis, hirsutism, boils and carbuncles and seborrhoeic dermatitis. Cradle cap describes the yellow, greasy, scaly patches that can sometimes appear on the scalp of young babies. Head lice are tiny insects that live in hair that cause an itchy scalp. Folliculitis is the inflammation or infection of hair follicles in the skin. Hirsutism describes excessive hair growth, this condition mainly affects women. A boil is a painful red lump that occurs at the site of an infected hair follicle and a carbuncle is a collection of pus filled boils. Seborrhoeic dermatitis is due to the overgrowth of a harmless yeast called Malassezia that lives on the skin. Dandruff is a form of mild seborrhoeic dermatitis but more severe forms can result in scaling of the skin in other parts of the body.
In men, the hair loss usually begins around the late twenties with most men having some degree of hair loss by their late thirties. The typical pattern of hair loss is a receding hairline where the hair at the top of the forehead is lost first.
Then, the hair on the crown (the patch of hair growing in the opposite direction of the rest of the hair, usually at the top of the head) and on the temples thins leaving a characteristic horseshoe shape around the back and sides of the head. In rare cases the hair loss can progress to complete baldness. Androgenetic alopecia in males is hereditary meaning that it runs in families. It is caused by the hair follicles being overly sensitive to a hormone called dihydrotestosterone (DHT).
Most patients need only medical treatment, in the form of lotions, tablets & vitamins, depending on the cause of hair loss. Some patients may need advanced treatments like :
• Microneedling – this procedure involves using a dermaroller over the affected area followed by application of growth factors & peptides to promote faster hair growth.
• Platelet rich plasma (PRP) – a platelet rich plasma solution is prepared using the patient’s own blood & injected in the affected area. As the solution is rich in growth factors, it promotes hair regeneration.
• Hair transplantation – in advanced cases of androgenetic alopecia (common baldness), hair transplant is an excellent option. It is performed by our team of plastic surgeons as a day care procedure in a hospital setting.Results may vary patient to patient.